Hippos are semi-aquatic mammals found in southern
Other Names: Common Hippopotamus, Water
Hippo in Foreign Languages:
Arabic: fáras al-nahr / HiSaan
Bosnian: nilski konj
German: Flusspferd / Nilpferd
Greek: hippopotamos / ippopotamos
Latvian: begemots / hipopotams
/ nilzirgs Lithuanian: hipopotamas
Macedonian: nílski konj
Malay: badak air
Norwegian: Bokmål: flodhest
Russian: gippopotám / begemót
Serbian: povodni konj / nilski
Slovenian: povodni konj / nilski
Turkish: su aygiri
Ukrainian: hipopotám / behemót
Welsh: afonfarch / hipopotamws
Size: Hippos are 13 feet long and are approximately
5 feet tall. Hippos weigh up to 31/2 tons. The hippopotamus
is the third largest land mammal.
Habitat: Hippopotamus are found in sub-Saharan
Africa. Hippos are semi-aquatic, inhabiting rivers,
lakes and mangrove swamps.
Description: Hippos have large teeth and tusks.
Hippopotamus have a barrel-shaped torso, and nearly
hairless body, with stubby legs.
Diet: Hippos are herbivores, the hippopotamus
feeds on plants including, soft short grass, and fruits
that have fallen. An adult hippo eats approximately
150 lbs of vegetation (grasses) a day.
Behavior: They may become dangerous if they
feel challenged or threatened. Hippos wallow in the
mud, to keep their body temperatures cool.
Communication: Hippos communicate to
others in their group, through grunts and bellows.
Did You Know?
The word Hippopotamus is Greek for
Gestation: Hippos carry their young for approximately
Birth: Hippos both reproduce and give birth
in the water. Hippos give birth to a single calf at
a time. Hippo calves are born weighing 55-120 lbs.
Sexually Mature: Female hippos sexually mature
at 5-6 years of age, males reach sexual maturity at
around 7.5 years.
Life Span: Hippos have an average life
span of 50 years. Lions and crocodiles are predators
Did You Know?
Young hippos can only stay under water
for about half a minute, but adults
can stay submerged up to six minutes.
Social Structure: Male hippo bulls preside over
groups of 5 to 30 females and their young, they are
territorial in the water but not on land. A group of
hippos is referred to as a pod, herd, dale, or bloat.