Penguins are aquatic, flightless birds.
Penguin in Foreign Languages:
Arabic: biTriiq / bingwiin
Chinese: Mandarin: qi'é
Low Saxon: Pinguien
Navajo: tsídii na'alk'ai'í
Romanian: pinguin / pinguini
Species: There are currently 17 species of penguins.
Size: The largest penguin is the emperor penguin
weighing up to 90 pounds and measuring 3.7 to 4 feet
tall. The smallest penguin is the fairy penguin weighing
only 2 lbs and measuring only 16 inches tall.
Habitat: Penguins live almost exclusively in
the Southern Hemisphere, and many species are found
in Antartica. Penguins can also be found in South America,
South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
Description: Penguins have robust bodies with
wings, that act more like flippers in the water. Penguins
have a large head, short neck, and elongated body.Penguins
have distinctive black and white feathers that lay flat.
Diet: Penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, shrimp,
crustaceans and other forms of marine life.
Communication: Penguin vocalizations
are individually identifiable, allowing mates
to recognize each other and also their chick.
Did You Know?
Penguins can swim up to 20 miles per
Incubation: Penguins eggs incubate from 1 month
to 66 days depending on the species.
Birth: Penguins lay 1 to 2 eggs depending on
Sexually Mature: Penguins reach sexual maturity
between 3 to 8 years.
Life Span: Penguins in the wild live
15 to 20 years, depending on the species.
Did You Know?
Many penguin species are monogamous
and may stay with the same mate for
several breeding seasons.
Social Structure: Penguins are highly social,