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Addax Gifts

The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus), also known as the screwhorn antelope, is a critically endangered species of antelope that lives in the Sahara desert. As suggested by its alternative name, this pale antelope has long, twisted horns. It is closely related to the oryx, but differs from other antelopes by having large square teeth like cattle and lacking the typical facial glands.


Addax are one of the largest African antelopes.

Addax Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Addax
Species: Nasomaculatus

Addax in Foreign Languages:

Latin: pygargus

Other Names: Screwhorn Antelope, Screw Horn Antelope, African Antelope, Addax Antelope, Beaudoin, Abu-Akach, Addax à Nez Tacheté, Akash, Anjidohl, Antilope Addax, Antilope Blanche, Antilope de Mendès, Auel, Bakra el onash, Begaar el Ouach, Mendesantilope, Tamita,

Conservation Status: It is estimated that there are fewer than 500 wild addax. The biggest threat to the addax is habitat encroachment.

Addax stand 3 feet tall at the shoulder. Addax measure 3.6-4.3 feet in length and weigh 132 to 264 lbs. Male addax are slightly larger than their female counterparts. An addax's horns can reach 3-4 feet in length.


Conservation Status: Critically Endangered

Habitat: Addax are found in the desert or scrub grasslands in Niger and Chad on the African continent.

Description: An addax's coat color changes with the seasons. An addax color changes from dark grayish-brown in winter to white in the summer. They have long spindly spiral horns that are 3-4 feet in length.

Behavior: Addax are mostly nocturnal and rest throughout the day.

Diet: Addax eat dessert succulents, grasses, herbs, bark, wood and leaves on bushes.

Did You Know?

The addax is the rarest species of antelope in the world.

Gestation: Addax carry their young for 257 to 264 days.

Birth: Newborn addax weigh approximately 11 lbs at birth.

Sexually Mature: Female addax sexually mature between the ages of 2-3. Male addax sexually mature around the age of 2.

Life Span: Addax live up to 20 years in the wild. The lion, leopard, and hyena are all natural predators of the addax. Addax will live up to 25 years in captivity.

Did You Know?

It is believed the name Addax is obtained from an Arabic word meaning a wild animal with crooked horns.

Social Structure: Addax gather together in herds of 4-25 members. Herds are led by a dominant male.

.Addax Gifts

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