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Lion Gifts

The lion is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera, and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in Sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia with a critically endangered remnant population in Gir Forest National Park in India, having disappeared from North Africa and Southwest Asia in historic times. Until the late Pleistocene, about 10,000 years ago, the lion was the most widespread large land mammal after humans. They were found in most of Africa, much of Eurasia from western Europe to India, and in the Americas from the Yukon to Peru. Lions live for ten to fourteen years in the wild, while in captivity they can live longer than twenty years. In the wild, males seldom live longer than ten years, as injuries sustained from continual fighting with rival males greatly reduce their longevity.


Lions are large cats that have come to symbolize power, courage and nobility .

Lion Classification:

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: Leo

Other Names:

Lion in Foreign Languages:

Afrikaans: leeu
Albanian: luan
Amharic: anbsa
Asturian: llen
Azeri: aslan / sir
Basque: lehoi
Belarusian: leu
Bengali: singha
Binisay: liyn
Burmese: chindhe
Catalan: lle
Cherokee: tladatsi / hvdayi / tlvdatsi usqualeni
Crimean Tatar: arslan
Czech: lev
Danish: lve / lvinde
Dutch: leeuw
Esperanto: leono
Estonian: lvi
Faroese: leyva / ljn / lva
Filipino: leon
Tagalog: leon / liyon
Finnish: leijona
French: lion
Galician: len
Georgian: lomi
German: Lwe / lioness / Lwin / Leu
Middle High German: lewe; luwe, leu
Old High German: lewo, leo
Old Prussian: lauws
Ancient Greek: lon
Hawaiian: liona
Hebrew: ary
Hungarian: oroszln
Icelandic: ljn
Ido: leono
Indonesian: singa
Interlingua: leon
Irish: leon
Italian: leone
Latin: leo
Latvian: lauva
Lithuanian: liutas
Lojban: cinfo
Luxembourgish: Liw
Macedonian: lav
Malagasy: liona
Malay: singa
Maltese: iljun
Mongolian: arslan
Nahuatl: cuamiztli
Navajo: nshdtsoh bitsiiji' daditl'oog
Nepali: sinh
North Frisian: lau
Norwegian: lve
Occitan: leon
Ossetian:dombaj / lev
Persian: ir
Polish: lew
Portuguese: leo
Romanian: leu
Russian: lev / lioness / l'vca
Sanskrit: kesari
Scottish Gaelic: lemhann
Roman: lav
Sindhi: eehu~ / eehinn
Sinhalese: sinnnhaya
Slovak: lev
Slovene: lev
Somali: libaax
Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: law
Upper Sorbian: law
Spanish: len
Swahili: simba
Swedish: lejon
Tajik: er
Tamil: cingkam
Thai: sing dtoh / rat ch see
Tibetan: sen-ge
Turkish: aslan
Turkmen: arslan / sir / olbars
Urdu: babar ser
Uzbek: sher / arslon
Welsh: llew
West Frisian: liuw
Yiddish: leyb
Yoruba: knn
Zulu: ingonyama


Conservation Status:
Vulnerable / Endangered

Size: Lions are 4.5-6.6 feet long with a tail of 26.25 to 39.5 inches. Lions weigh from 265 to 500 lbs. Lions stand 3-4 feet at the shoulder. Male lions are 20 to 35% larger than their female counterparts and 50% heavier.

Habitat: Lions are found in Africa and the Gir Forest of India.

Diet: Lions are carnivores. Lions prey on antelopes, zebras, wildebeest, gazelles, impalas, and other large animals found in the open grasslands of Africa.

Communication: Lions communicate through sound and markings.

Did You Know?

Lions can consume up to 60 pounds of meat in a single sitting.

Gestation: A lioness carry their young for approximately 110 days.

Birth: A lioness gives birth to a litter of 3-4 cubs at a time. Lion cubs stay with their mother for the first 2 years of their life.

Sexually Mature: Lions and lionesses reach sexual maturity between the ages of 36 to 46 months.

Life Span: Lions live 16 to 18 years in the wild.

Did You Know?

Male lions mark their territory by spraying a mixture of urine and glandular secretions on tree trunks and bushes in their territory.

Social Structure: Lions live in groups called prides. Prides can have 3-40 members. In a pride, lions will work together to hunt, raise the young and defend their territory. Usually all the lionesses in the pride are related.

Lion Gifts




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