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Penguin Gifts

Penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have become flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their life on land and half in the oceans.


Penguins are aquatic, flightless birds.

Penguin Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae

Other Names:

Penguin in Foreign Languages:

Arabic: biTriiq / bingwiin
Armenian: pingvin
Basque: pinguino
Belarusian: pinhvín
Bosnian: pingvin
Bulgarian: pingvín
Catalan: pingüí
Chinese: Mandarin: qi'é
Croatian: pingvin
Czech: tucnák
Danish: pingvin
Dutch: pinguïn
Esperanto: pingveno
Finnish: pingviini
French: manchot
German: Pinguin
Greek: pigkouínos
Hungarian: pingvin
Icelandic: mörgæs
Italian: pinguino
Japanese: pengin
Korean: peng-gwin
Latin: pingvin
Latvian: pingvins
Lithuanian: pingvinas
Low Saxon: Pinguien
Macedonian: pingvín
Maltese: pengwin
Navajo: tsídii na'alk'ai'í
Norwegian: pingvin
Polish: pingwin
Portuguese: pinguim
Romanian: pinguin / pinguini
Russian: pingvín
Slovak: tucniak
Slovene: pingvin
Spanish: pingüino
Swedish: pingvin
Thai: payn-gwin
Turkish: penguen
Ukrainian: pinhvín


Conservation Status: Some species are Endangered

Species: There are currently 17 species of penguins.

Size: The largest penguin is the emperor penguin weighing up to 90 pounds and measuring 3.7 to 4 feet tall. The smallest penguin is the fairy penguin weighing only 2 lbs and measuring only 16 inches tall.

Habitat: Penguins live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, and many species are found in Antartica. Penguins can also be found in South America, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Description: Penguins have robust bodies with wings, that act more like flippers in the water. Penguins have a large head, short neck, and elongated body.Penguins have distinctive black and white feathers that lay flat.

Diet: Penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, shrimp, crustaceans and other forms of marine life.

Communication: Penguin vocalizations are individually identifiable, allowing mates to recognize each other and also their chick.

Did You Know?

Penguins can swim up to 20 miles per hour.

Incubation: Penguins eggs incubate from 1 month to 66 days depending on the species.

Birth: Penguins lay 1 to 2 eggs depending on the species.

Sexually Mature: Penguins reach sexual maturity between 3 to 8 years.

Life Span: Penguins in the wild live 15 to 20 years, depending on the species.

Did You Know?

Many penguin species are monogamous and may stay with the same mate for several breeding seasons.

Social Structure: Penguins are highly social, colonial birds.


Penguin Gifts




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