Overview of the Coyote
The coyote, also called the American jackal or prairie
wolf, are a species of canine found in Central and North
America. They can be found as far north as Alaska, and
as far south as Panama. There are 19 subspecies, with
3 found in Central America, and 16 found in Canada,
Mexico and the United States. The scientific name for
coyotes is Canis latrans, which literally means
"barking dog" in Latin. Coyotes live a maximum of 10
years in the wild and 18 years in captivity. Typically,
they grow to nearly 3 feet in length (not counting a
tail length of 12Ė16 inches), and approximately 2 feet
in height at the shoulder. Coyotes weigh anywhere from
15 to 46 pounds, although the largest coyote on record
weighed nearly 75 pounds, and measured 5 feet in length.
Coyotes typically hunt in pairs, although they have
been observed in packs. Coyote packs are usually smaller
than wolf packs and the pack hierarchy is less stable.
In areas where wolves have been exterminated, coyotes
usually fill the void. They coexist with humans much
better than wolves do.
Coyotes are opportunistic and versatile carnivores,
with a 90% mammalian diet. The coyote uses itís swiftness
and agility to catch itís prey: a coyote may reach speeds
up to 43 miles per hour, and can jump over 13 feet.
Primarily, they eat small mammals like rabbits, squirrels,
mice, and birds, as well as snakes, and lizards. They
also eat large insects and other large invertebrates.
About the Author
Jacob Maddox manages content for Wildlife Animals http://www.wildlife-animals.com
an educational wildlife and animal website. Jacob also
guest writes for Dog Pound http://www.dog-pound.net