Species: There are 3 species of elephants.
Elephant Species Include:
African Bush Elephant - Loxodonta
African Forest Elephant - Loxodonta Cyclotis
Indian Elephant (aka Asian elephant) - Elephas
Size: Female elephants stand 8 feet tall at
the shoulder and weigh up to 8,000 lbs. While male elephants
stand 10.5 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh, up to
Habitat: African elephants are found in Africa,
while Asian elephants ar efound in India, Nepal, and
Description: Elephants are large gray mammals,
with a thick skin. Elephants have big ears and a long
trunk muscular trunk. In fact an elephants trunk has
40,000 muscles in it, making it very flexible, agile
and sensitive. An elephant's trunk can be up to seven
Diet: Elephants eat grass, leaves, twigs, bark,
fruit and seed pods. Elephants consume about 5% of their
body weight and drink 30-50 gallons of water per day.
Communication: Elephants vocalize a variety
of sounds from trumpeting calls to low rumbles.
Did You Know?
The calls elephants make can be heard
up to 5 miles away by other elephants.
Gestation: Elephants carry their young for 22
months. This is the longest gestation period for any
Birth: Elephants give birth to a single calf
at a time. A newborn elephant ways around 200-250 lbs
and is 26 to 42 inches tall at birth.
Sexually Mature: Elephants reach sexual maturity
between the ages of 17-20.
Life Span: Elephants typically live 50-70
Did You Know?
An elephant’s skin is so sensitive
that it can feel a fly landing on it.
Social Structure: Elephants have a structured
social order. They are found in family groups. The group
is led by the oldest female in the herd. An elephants
herd consists of 8-100 members. Mature male elephants
abandon the heard between the ages of 12-15 and lead
solitary lives or live temporarily with other males.