Sharks are cartilaginous fish. There are more
than 350 different kinds of sharks.
Super Order: Selachimorpha
Shark in Foreign Languages:
Croatian: Morski Pas
Gaelic: Siorc/ Cearban
Haitian Creole: Reken
Italian: Squalo / Pescecane
Luxembourg: Hai, Haifësch
Malay: Ikan Yu / Jerung
Navajo: Lóó' Hashkéhé
Slovenian: Morski pes
Turkish: Köpek Baligi
Size: The largest shark is the whale shark and
it can measure up to 60 feet in length. The smallest
species is the deepwater dogfish shark.
Habitat: The habitat of sharks is greatly varied,
some species inhabit shallow, coastal regions, others
live in deep waters, ocean floors and the open ocean.
Some species of sharks will inhabit both both salt and
Description: Shark species are incredibly diverse
with very different sizes, shapes, habitats, diets and
behaviors. A sharks skin is made up of a series of scales.
Diet: Most sharks are carnivores. Sharks will
prey on fish and sea mammals like dolphins, other shark
species and seals. Sharks will also prey on turtles
and seagulls. However whale sharks, the largest sharks
Communication: Sharks can hear sounds
at very low frequencies.
Did You Know?
Sharks have upper and lower eyelids
but they do not blink.
Gestation: Sharks will carry their young from
five to six months to two years depending on the species.
Birth: More than half of sharks give birth to
pups, yet all are still classified as fish. The marjority
of sharks give birth to live young, but some sharks
release eggs that will hatch later.
Sexually Mature: Many shark species do not reach
sexual maturity until they are in their teens.
Life Span: The life span of sharks varies
by species, but most sharks live 20-30 years.
Did You Know?
A single shark can produce 20,000 teeth
in its lifetime. They lose a tooth every