Hedgehog are small prickly mammals. There are
approximately 20 species of hedgehog.
Other Names: Pincushion, Urchin, Hedgepig,
Hedgehog in Foreign Languages:
Ancient Greek: ekhinos
Moroccan Arabic: genfod
Hungarian: sŘn / sŘndisznˇ
Italian: riccio / porcospino
Latin: erinaceus / ericius
Luxembourgish: KÚiseker / DńreldÚier
Norwegian: piggsvin / pinnsvin
Occitan: eriš / erišon
Portuguese: porco-espinho / ourišo
Russian: jo× / jˇ×ik
Sardinian: arritzoni / grixoni
Scottish Gaelic: grÓineag
Upper Sorbian: je×, je×ik
Species: There are more than 15 species of hedgehogs.
Size: Hedgehogs are 5 to 12 inches long with
a 1-2 inch tail. Hedgehogs weigh 14 to 56 ounces.
Habitat: Hedgehogs are found in Europe, Asia,
Africa and New Zealand. Hedgehogs live in a variety
of habitats including the forest , desert, savanna,
scrubland, and suburban gardens.
Description: Hedgehogs are short, stout animals.
The hedgehogs backs are covered with quills, the quills
are sharp stiff spines, that are used for protection.
The average hedgehog has about 5,000 to 6,500 quills.
Diet: Hedgehogs eat beetles, slugs, snails,
frogs and toads, snakes, bird eggs, carrion, and other
invertebrates. Some species of hedgehogs eat berries
and fruit as well.
Behavior: Hedgehogs are primarily nocturnal.
Hedgehogs will roll into a small ball as a defense mechanism
to protect itself from a predator.
Communication: Hedgehogs communicate
using a series of grunts, snuffles and squeals.
Did You Know?
Cancer is very common in hedgehogs.
The most common is squamous cell carcinoma.
Gestation: Hedgehogs carry their young for 4
to 6 weeks.
Birth: Newborn hedgehogs weigh less than 1 ounce
at birth. Hedgehogs are born blind. Hedgehogs will give
birth to litters of from 1 to 11 babies. The babies
will only stay with their mother for the first 4-7 weeks
of their life.
Sexually Mature: Hedgehogs are sexually mature
between the age of 9 to 11 months.
Life Span: A hedgehogs life span is typically
3 to 8 years. Smaller species of hedgehogs have
a shorter life span.
Did You Know?
Hedgehogs can travel up to 6.5 feet
Social Structure: Hedgehogs are solitary animals
except when mating or raising young.