Monkeys are members of the primate groups: Old
World monkeys and New World monkeys. Almost monkey
species are tropical or subtropical, and almost
all are diurnal. Most monkeys are arboreal.
Monkey in Foreign Languages:
Czech: Opicák / Opice
Danish: Abe /Abekat
Dutch: Aap / Apin
Estonian: Pärdik / Ahv
Indonesian: Kera / Monyet
Irish: Moncaí / Mwnci
Latin: Simia / Simius / Simius / Simius
Maltese: Xadin / Xadina / Kitmejmun
Navajo: Mágí / Magí
Old Norse: Api
Spanish: Mono / Chango
Tagalog: Unggóy / Tsonggó
Size: The smallest monkey is the Pygmy Marmoset
at 4.6 to 6 inches in length and weighing only 3 to
5 ounces. The largest monkey is the Baboon at 3.6 feet
tall and weighing up to 80 lbs.
Habitat: Old World monkeys are found in Africa,
central to southern Asia, Japan, and India. Old World
monkeys are found in rain forests, islands, steppes,
mountains, and savannas, depending on species.
New World monkeys are found in Central America and
South America, except for the very high altitude mountainous
regions. New World monkeys prefer the tropical rain
forests and scrublands.
Behavior: Monkeys have many different adaptations,
depending on their habitat. Most monkeys are arboreal
but some like the macaques and baboons are terrestrial.
Diet: Monkeys eat fruit, grass, leaves, eggs,
insects and spiders, depending on the species.
Communication: Monkeys use vocalizations, facial
expressions, and body movements to communicate.
Birth: Newborn monkeys are helpless at birth.
Sexually Mature: Monkeys sexually mature from
18 months to 8 years, depending on the species.
Life Span: Monkeys have a life span of 10 to
50 years depending on the species.
Social Structure: Groups of monkeys are called
troups. Monkeys are very social animals. Monkeys express
affection and make peace with others by grooming each
other. Grooming helps monkeys keep their fur clean of
dirt, dead skin, and parasites, but it also helps them
to build social relationships.